Pakistan: emergency measures for long term

Pakoswiss : social entreprise producing and distributing chlorine containers

This project, supported by Antenna since 2013, aims to make chlorine readily available and affordable for inhabitants in the towns of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The main objective is to raise awareness among the population about benefits of chlorine in treating water at household level as well as produce and sell flasks of stabilized chlorine for shops and pharmacies.

In Pakistan, options for disinfecting water are limited for several reasons: a serious energy crisis (boiling water is therefore impractical and costly), chlorine tablets are too expensive for the population and granules or powder for industrial use is not available on the market and is not adapted to water treatment in households. There is therefore a need and demand for chlorine-treated water in the form of a cheaper solution. But creating awareness is still challenging.

In 2013, the project established a centralized production facility of 600 litres of stabilized chlorine per day. The chlorine is produced in two forms: a) bottles of 50 mL with dropper, sold in shops and pharmacies; and b) 2.5 L containers, sold in restaurants and grocery stores. Its placement on the market requires regular social and commercial marketing activities to raise awareness about the product at public water-collection points, in kiosks, clinics, hospitals and schools. The chlorine bottles also feature in advertisements and information brochures.

Beneficiaries : 3’000 beneficiaries/ year in 2013-2014

Annual Budget : 15’000 CHF/year (2013-2014) and 30’000CHF/year (2015-2018)

Contact Antenna : Fanny Boulloud

Local Contact: Saad Khan

Learn more : Pakoswiss’s promising business model

Swiss humanitarian aid : a large-scale assistance programme after the floods

Pakistan has the world’s 25th highest infant mortality rate, with a rate of 60 deaths out of every 1000 births. Waterborne diseases are the biggest cause of this mortality and are responsible for almost 60% of all child deaths. Water from the general supply system is not safe to drink, even in the capital Islamabad.

In response to the catastrophic floods that blighted Pakistan in 2010, the SDC deemed that local production of chlorine using the WATA system provided a simple, suitable and cost-effective solution to disinfecting water and thereby preventing epidemics linked to unclean water. Its Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit therefore took immediate action to intensify assistance for flood victims by installing 70 WATA kits in several regions. The kits were set up in cooperation with a local NGO and the Pakistani authorities. They were used to disinfect wells, boreholes, manual water pumps, water tanks and other types of reservoirs set up in refugee camps.

Beneficiaries : 69’300 beneficiaries/ year in 2010-2011

Annual Budget : 40’000 CHF over two years (2010-2011)

Contact Antenna : Fanny Boulloud

Learn more : SDC Pakistan